Amount of Sharing Quanta Energies in Quantum Redshift

9 Pages Posted: 22 Mar 2021 Last revised: 19 May 2022

See all articles by Bahram Kalhor

Bahram Kalhor

Islamic Azad University (IAU) - Karaj Branch

Date Written: March 21, 2021

Abstract

Quantum Redshift disagrees with dark energy and expansion of space and describes Redshift by sharing the quanta energies of some periods between other periods of electromagnetic waves. In the Quantum Redshift, regardless of the material and type of the space objects (stars, quasars, white dwarfs, and carbon stars), the Redshift mainly depends on the mass and distance of the emitter. The paper obtains the amount of sharing quanta energies between the periods of the electromagnetic waves in a non-expansion space and no gravitational Redshift and calculates the average number of the parameter p in the Quantum Redshift. We use the distance and Redshift of 93,060 nearby space objects, including stars, quasars, white dwarfs, and carbon stars, for obtaining the amount of sharing the energy and losing frequency during traveling in space. We have used SIMBAD Astronomical Database. We have retrieved this information from almost 2,200,000 records. The objects' temperature is between 671 and 99,575 K. The distance of the objects is between 413.13 and 0.5 (mas). The paper obtains the average number of sharing quanta energies for different objects at different distances. The results show that by increasing the distance of the space objects, the value of sharing the quanta energies between periods of the electromagnetic waves will be decreased to less than one.

Keywords: Quantum Redshift, electromagnetic waves

Suggested Citation

Kalhor, Bahram, Amount of Sharing Quanta Energies in Quantum Redshift (March 21, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3809064 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3809064

Bahram Kalhor (Contact Author)

Islamic Azad University (IAU) - Karaj Branch ( email )

Iran

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