CO 2 Shipping - Export Terminal Design

8 Pages Posted: 24 Mar 2021

See all articles by Anette Mathisen

Anette Mathisen

SINTEF Industry

Ragnhild Skagestad

SINTEF Industry

Nils Henrik Eldrup

SINTEF Industry

Karin Knudsen

Brevik Engineering AS

Audun Larsen

Brevik Engineering AS

Gisle Nysæter

Brevik Engineering AS

Date Written: March 24, 2021

Abstract

After the CO2 has been captured, it must be transported to permanent storage to complete the CCS chain. The configuration of the chain, choice of capture technology, transport method and storage site) will vary from case to case. In this study, the CO2 is captured in Rotterdam, Netherlands, and transported to an import hub at Kollsnes on the west coast of Norway by shipping. The site from which the CO2is transported from is the export terminal, and encompasses the CO2 liquefaction, intermediate storage tank facility, and loading installation. Of these, especially the intermediate storage tank will be area demanding and could pose a challenge in cases where there is limited land area available, or the land purchase cost is high. Three different export terminal configurations have been investigated: onshore, combination of onshore and offshore, and offshore floating terminal. The investigation shows that there is potentially a high degree of flexibility regarding export terminal configuration as all three configurations are feasible. On sites where a fully onshore terminal is not possible other solutions are available. In the case of a fully offshore/near shore terminal parallels can be drawn to the LNG supply chain where floating processing terminals are gaining interest as it is reported to have several attractive advantages including lower cost and construction time.

Keywords: CO2 liquefaction, CO2 intermediate storage, CO2 export terminal

Suggested Citation

Mathisen, Anette and Skagestad, Ragnhild and Eldrup, Nils Henrik and Knudsen, Karin and Larsen, Audun and Nysæter, Gisle, CO 2 Shipping - Export Terminal Design (March 24, 2021). Proceedings of the 15th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference 15-18 March 2021, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3811346

Anette Mathisen (Contact Author)

SINTEF Industry ( email )

Post box 4760 Torgarden
Trondheim, NO-7465
Norway

Ragnhild Skagestad

SINTEF Industry ( email )

Post box 5 3901 Porsgrunn
Porsgrunn, NO-3901
Norway

Nils Henrik Eldrup

SINTEF Industry

Post box 4760 Torgarden
Trondheim, NO-7465
Norway

Karin Knudsen

Brevik Engineering AS

Norway

Audun Larsen

Brevik Engineering AS

Norway

Gisle Nysæter

Brevik Engineering AS

Norway

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