Negative Emissions in the Waste-to-Energy Sector: An Overview of the Newest-CCUS Programme
10 Pages Posted: 7 Apr 2021
Date Written: March 25, 2021
The deployment of Carbon Capture and Storage technologies in the waste management sector can make municipal and industrial waste a strategic resource for climate change mitigation. The generation of energy, in the form of electricity and heat, via the processing and incineration of waste already avoids methane emissions from landfill. The addition of CCS to Waste-to-Energy plants with CO2 capture levels close to 99% can reduce their CO2 emissions to the atmosphere close to zero. With CCS, biogenic carbon in waste becomes a domestic source of negative emissions with a supply chain that would complement other negative emission technologies, such as Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS).
The NEWEST-CCUS project is an ongoing €2.5M multidisciplinary (2019-2022) project involving academics and researchers from six organisations and four European countries. It seeks to improve understanding of technologies and opportunities for negative emissions in the waste-to-energy sector. This paper outlines the broad range of activities undertaken by the consortium in response to key challenges facing the sector.
Keywords: negative emissions, waste to energy, CO2 capture, CCUS
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