The Employees’ State of Mind during COVID-19: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective

Camilleri, M.A. (2021). The employees’ state of mind during COVID-19: A self-determination theory perspective, Sustainability. 13(7), 3634. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073634

17 Pages Posted: 29 Mar 2021

See all articles by Mark Anthony Camilleri

Mark Anthony Camilleri

University of Malta; University of Edinburgh

Date Written: March 25, 2021

Abstract

The unprecedented outbreak of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic had a devastating effect on the global economy. Many businesses experienced a significant decline in their business activities. As a result, their employees were concerned on their job security and long-term employment prospects. This research explores the service employees’ motivations in their workplace environment and sheds light on their perceptions about their employers’ corporate social responsibility (CSR). The methodology integrated key measures from the self-determination theory (SDT), CSR, job security and organizational performance. A structural equations modelling (SEM PLS3) approach was used to analyze the proposed research model. The findings confirmed that the employees’ intrinsic motivations were significantly predicting their organizational performance. Their identified motivations, job security as well as their employers’ social responsibility were significant antecedents of their intrinsic motivations. Moreover, there were significant indirect effects that predicted the employees’ productivity in their workplace during COVID-19.

Keywords: external motivation, intrinsic motivation, identified motivation, introjected motivation, job security, corporate social responsibility

JEL Classification: C30, C52, C53, D21, D22, E24, L21, L25, L26, M1, M11, M12, M14

Suggested Citation

Camilleri, Mark, The Employees’ State of Mind during COVID-19: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective (March 25, 2021). Camilleri, M.A. (2021). The employees’ state of mind during COVID-19: A self-determination theory perspective, Sustainability. 13(7), 3634. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073634, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3813783

Mark Camilleri (Contact Author)

University of Malta ( email )

Department of Corporate Communication,
Faculty of Media and Knowledge Sciences
Msida, MSD2080
Malta
79314808 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.um.edu.mt/profile/markacamilleri

University of Edinburgh

27 Buccheluech Place,
The Business School
Edinburgh, Scotland EH8 9JS
United Kingdom

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