Is Non-fungible Token Pricing Driven by Cryptocurrencies?

13 Pages Posted: 30 Mar 2021

See all articles by Michael M. Dowling

Michael M. Dowling

Dublin City University Business School; ESC Rennes School of Business

Date Written: March 29, 2021


In early 2021, non-fungible tokens (NFT) became the first application of blockchain technology to achieve clear public prominence. NFTs are tradeable rights to digital assets (images, music, videos, virtual creations) where ownership is recorded in smart contracts on a blockchain. Given the NFT market emerged out of cryptocurrencies, we explore if NFT pricing is related to cryptocurrency pricing. A spillover index shows only limited volatility transmission effects between cryptocurrencies and NFTs. But wavelet coherence analysis indicates co-movement between the two sets of markets. This suggests that cryptocurrency pricing behaviours might be of some benefit in understanding NFT pricing patterns. However, the low volatility transmissions also indicate that NFTs can potentially be considered as a low-correlation asset class distinct from cryptocurrencies.

Keywords: NFT, non-fungible tokens, co-movement, cryptocurrency, spillover

JEL Classification: G14, G12

Suggested Citation

Dowling, Michael M., Is Non-fungible Token Pricing Driven by Cryptocurrencies? (March 29, 2021). Available at SSRN: or

Michael M. Dowling (Contact Author)

Dublin City University Business School ( email )

Dublin 9

ESC Rennes School of Business ( email )

Rue Robert d'arbrissel, 2
Rennes, 35000

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