Insuring Evolving Technology
36 Pages Posted: 1 Apr 2021 Last revised: 7 Mar 2022
Date Written: 2021
The study of the interaction between law and technology is more critical today than ever before. Advancements in artificial intelligence, information communications, biological and chemical engineering, and space faring technologies, to name but a few examples, are forcing us to reexamine our traditional understanding of basic concepts in torts and insurance law.
Yet, few insurance professionals and scholars will identify themselves as working in the field of "law-and-technology." For many of them, technology is "just another fact about the world," as Ryan Calo once put it, not one that merits "special care."
This short paper is an attempt to build a first-of-its-kind bridge between these two scholarly silos. Directed at an insurance audience, the paper attempts to draw attention to a body of law-and-technology scholarship that has so far gone mostly unnoticed by insurance professionals.
The paper is built on the premise that insurance lawyers whose business model depends on the mitigation of losses from technological harm are not dramatically dissimilar from their law-and-technology counterparts. Both are fascinated by the same set of questions: if, when, and how, might private and public regulation mitigate losses resulting from technological risk. The paper draws key concepts from the law-and-technology literature to explore the effectiveness and utility of regulation in mitigating risks from emerging, evolving, and disruptive technologies. The paper further identifies different phases in technology's life cycle discussing the challenges that each of these phases introduces on the insurance market.
Relying on cyber insurance as its primary case study, the paper concludes by applying these insights in an assessment of a recent state-wide regulation, the New York Cyber Insurance Risk Framework, the first of its kind in the country. The paper demonstrates the promise and pitfalls of this type of regulation.
Keywords: Technology, Insurance, Regulation, Cyber Insurance, Law and Technology, Liability, Torts, Cyber Harms, Data Breaches, Informational Privacy
JEL Classification: K13, K36
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation