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Casting Light on an Underserved Population: Evidence Review of HIV Among Migrants in the EU/EEA

31 Pages Posted: 30 Mar 2021

See all articles by Christiana Nöstlinger

Christiana Nöstlinger

Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM) - Department of Public Health

Theo Cosaert

Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM) - Department of Public Health

Ella Van Landeghem

Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM) - Department of Public Health

Jef Vanhamel

Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM) - Department of Public Health

Dominik Zenner

University College London - Institute for Global Health; Government of the United Kingdom - TB Unit

Jantine Jacobi

UNAIDS

Teymur Noori

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) - Air-Borne, Blood-Borne and Sexually Transmitted Infections

Anastasia Pharris

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) - Air-Borne, Blood-Borne and Sexually Transmitted Infections

Alyna Smith

PICUM

Rosalie Hayes

Independent Consultant

Elena Val

International Organization for Migration (IOM) - Migration Health Division

Elisabeth Waagensen

WHO Regional Office for Europe - Migration and Health Programme Office

Elena Vovc

WHO Regional Office for Europe - TB, HIV & Viral Hepatitis Program

Sarita Sehgal

University of Cape Town (UCT) - Graduate School of Business

Marie Laga

Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM) - Department of Public Health

Henk Van Renterghem

UNAIDS

More...

Abstract

HIV epidemics in the EU/EEA (European Union/European Economic Area ) are increasingly diverse in terms of transmission modes and people affected. This systematic search and review synthesises the evidence on vulnerable migrants living in this region (including but not limited to people with irregular status).  Review findings show that many migrants carry a higher HIV burden than the general population.  Of concern are high proportions of post-migration HIV acquisition (about 40% across various studies), a high risk of remaining undiagnosed or being diagnosed late and challenges in accessing and staying on treatment. Multi-level and intersecting factors were shown to reduce access to HIV services along the HIV continuum of care (PrEP, timely HIV testing, and access to treatment for irregular migrants). Ensuring equitable access to HIV prevention, testing and treatment services for all migrants at increased risk for HIV is needed to meet global targets for ending AIDS by 2030.

Funding Information: This study was funded through an Agreement for Performance of Work from UNAIDS (2019/959239/202466139).

Declaration of Interests: None declared.

Suggested Citation

Nöstlinger, Christiana and Cosaert, Theo and Van Landeghem, Ella and Vanhamel, Jef and Zenner, Dominik and Jacobi, Jantine and Noori, Teymur and Pharris, Anastasia and Smith, Alyna and Hayes, Rosalie and Val, Elena and Waagensen, Elisabeth and Vovc, Elena and Sehgal, Sarita and Laga, Marie and Van Renterghem, Henk, Casting Light on an Underserved Population: Evidence Review of HIV Among Migrants in the EU/EEA. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3815670 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3815670

Christiana Nöstlinger (Contact Author)

Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM) - Department of Public Health ( email )

Antwerp
Belgium

Theo Cosaert

Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM) - Department of Public Health ( email )

Antwerp
Belgium

Ella Van Landeghem

Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM) - Department of Public Health ( email )

Antwerp
Belgium

Jef Vanhamel

Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM) - Department of Public Health ( email )

Antwerp
Belgium

Dominik Zenner

University College London - Institute for Global Health

United Kingdom

Government of the United Kingdom - TB Unit

London
United Kingdom

Jantine Jacobi

UNAIDS

Geneva
Switzerland

Teymur Noori

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) - Air-Borne, Blood-Borne and Sexually Transmitted Infections ( email )

Solna
Sweden

Anastasia Pharris

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) - Air-Borne, Blood-Borne and Sexually Transmitted Infections ( email )

Solna
Sweden

Alyna Smith

PICUM ( email )

Brussels
Belgium

Rosalie Hayes

Independent Consultant ( email )

Elena Val

International Organization for Migration (IOM) - Migration Health Division ( email )

Manila
Philippines

Elisabeth Waagensen

WHO Regional Office for Europe - Migration and Health Programme Office ( email )

UN City, Marmorvej 51
Copenhagen 2100
Denmark

Elena Vovc

WHO Regional Office for Europe - TB, HIV & Viral Hepatitis Program ( email )

UN City, Marmorvej 51
Copenhagen 2100
Denmark

Sarita Sehgal

University of Cape Town (UCT) - Graduate School of Business ( email )

Cape Town, Western Cape
South Africa

Marie Laga

Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM) - Department of Public Health ( email )

Antwerp
Belgium

Henk Van Renterghem

UNAIDS

Geneva
Switzerland

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