High Frequency Income Dynamics
50 Pages Posted: 1 Apr 2021 Last revised: 10 Apr 2021
Date Written: March 31, 2021
We generalize the canonical permanent-transitory income process to allow for infrequent shocks. The distribution of income growth rates can then have a discrete mass point at zero and fat tails as observed in income data. We provide analytical formulas for the unconditional and conditional distributions of income growth rates and higher-order moments. We prove a set of identification results and numerically validate that we can simultaneously identify the frequency, variance, and persistence of income shocks. We estimate the income process on monthly panel data of 400,000 Danish males observed over 8 years. When allowing shocks to be infrequent, the proposed income process can closely match the central features of the data.
Keywords: consumption-saving, income dynamics, panel data models
JEL Classification: C33, D31, J30
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