The Impact of Family Composition on Educational Achievement
Chen, Stacey H., Yen-Chien Chen, and Jin-Tan Liu, (2019) “The Impact of Family Composition on Educational Achievement,” Journal of Human Resources, 54(1): 122-170.
83 Pages Posted: 14 Apr 2021 Last revised: 19 May 2021
Date Written: June 24, 2017
Parents preferring sons tend to have more children until a boy is born and concentrate investment in boys for a given number of children (sibsize). Thus, having a brother may affect a child's education in two ways: an indirect effect by keeping sibsize lower and a direct rivalry effect where sibsize remains constant. We estimate the direct and indirect effects of a next brother on the first child's education conditional on potential sibsize. We address endogenous sibsize using twins. We find new evidence of sibling rivalry and gender bias that conventional methods cannot detect.
Keywords: family size effect, sibling rivalry, parental investment
JEL Classification: J1, I25, O15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation