Lessons Learned: The First In-Situ Laboratory Fault Injection Test

12 Pages Posted: 1 Apr 2021

See all articles by Linda Stalker

Linda Stalker

CSIRO Energy

Jo Myers

CSIRO

Karsten Michael

CSIRO Energy

Allison Hortle

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy

Arsham Avijegon

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy

Ludovic Ricard

CSIRO Energy

Matthew Myers

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy

Konstantin Tertyshnikov

Curtin University

Roman Pevzner

Curtin University

Julian Strand

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy

Marina Pervukhina

CSIRO

Brett Harris

Curtin University

Andrew Feitz

Geoscience Australia

Bobby Pejcic

CSIRO-Mineral Resources

Alf Larcher

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy

Praveen Rachakonda

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy

Barry Freifeld

University of California, Berkeley - Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab)

Mark Woitt

Class VI Solutions Inc.

Laurent Langhi

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy

Tess Dance

CSIRO

Jennifer J. Roberts

University of Strathclyde - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Erdinc Saygin

CSIRO Energy

Cameron White

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy

Mojtaba Seyyedi

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy

Date Written: April 1, 2021

Abstract

[enter Abstract Body]The CSIRO In-Situ Laboratory has been a world first injection of CO2 into a large faulted zone at depth. A total of 38 tonnes of CO2 was injected into the F10 fault zone at approximately 330 m depth and the process monitored in detail. The site uses a well, Harvey-2, in SW Western Australia (the South West Hub CCS Project area). The top 400 m section of Harvey-2 was available for injection and instrumentation. An observation well, ISL OB-1 (400 m depth) was drilled 7 m to the north east of Harvey-2. ISL OB-1 well was cased with fibreglass to provide greater monitoring options. The CSIRO In-Situ Laboratory was designed to integrate existing facilities and infrastructure from the South West Hub CCS Project managed by the West Australian Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety. While new equipment was deployed for this specific project, the site facilities were complemented by a range of mobile deployable equipment from the National Geosequestration Laboratory (NGL).
The geology of the area investigated poses interesting challenges: a large fault (F10) is estimated to have up to 1000 m throw overall, the presence of packages of paleosols rather than a contiguous mudstone seal, and a 1500 m vertical thickness of Triassic sandstone as the potential commercial storage interval. This unique site provides abundant opportunities for testing more challenging geological environments for carbon storage than at other sites.
While details of this first project are described elsewhere, lessons were learned during the development and execution of the project. A rigorous risk register was developed to manage project risk, but not all events encountered were foreseen. This paper describes some of the challenges encountered and the team’s response.
Relocation of the project site due to changes in landholder ownership) and other sensitivities resulted in the need for rapid replanning of activities at short notice resulting in the development of the site at Harvey-2. The relocation allowed other research questions to be addressed through new activities, such as the ability to consider a shallow/controlled release experiment in an extensive fault zone, but this replanning did cause some timing stress. The first test at the In-Situ Laboratory was reconfigured to address some of those knowledge gaps that shallow/controlled release experiments had yet to address. Novel approaches to drilling and completing the monitoring well also threw up unanticipated difficulties. Loss of containment from the wellbore also posed significant challenges, and the team’s response to this unintended release of gas and water from the monitoring well at the conclusion of the field experiment will be discussed. Other challenges that we encountered, their impacts, and our response are also catalogued here (Table 1 and below) to enable broad knowledge exchange.

Keywords: shallow release, controlled release, fault zone, DAS, DTS, leakage, South West Hub, fault injection, CCS

Suggested Citation

Stalker, Linda and Myers, Jo and Michael, Karsten and Hortle, Allison and Avijegon, Arsham and Ricard, Ludovic and Myers, Matthew and Tertyshnikov, Konstantin and Pevzner, Roman and Strand, Julian and Pervukhina, Marina and Harris, Brett and Feitz, Andrew and Pejcic, Bobby and Larcher, Alf and Rachakonda, Praveen and Freifeld, Barry and Woitt, Mark and Langhi, Laurent and Dance, Tess and Roberts, Jennifer J. and Saygin, Erdinc and White, Cameron and Seyyedi, Mojtaba, Lessons Learned: The First In-Situ Laboratory Fault Injection Test (April 1, 2021). Proceedings of the 15th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference 15-18 March 2021, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3817259 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3817259

Linda Stalker (Contact Author)

CSIRO Energy ( email )

ARRC
26 Dick Perry Avenue
Kensington, Western Australia 6151
Australia

Jo Myers

CSIRO ( email )

Black Mountain
Canberra
Australia

Karsten Michael

CSIRO Energy ( email )

ARRC
26 Dick Perry Avenue
Kensington, Western Australia 6151
Australia

Allison Hortle

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy ( email )

10 Murray Dwyer Circuit
Mayfield West, New South Wales 2304
Australia

Arsham Avijegon

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy ( email )

10 Murray Dwyer Circuit
Mayfield West, New South Wales 2304
Australia

Ludovic Ricard

CSIRO Energy ( email )

26 Dick Perry Avenue
Kensington, Western Australia 6151
Australia

Matthew Myers

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy

10 Murray Dwyer Circuit
Mayfield West, New South Wales 2304
Australia

Konstantin Tertyshnikov

Curtin University

Kent Street
Bentley
Perth, WA WA 6102
Australia

Roman Pevzner

Curtin University

Kent Street
Bentley
Perth, WA WA 6102
Australia

Julian Strand

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy ( email )

10 Murray Dwyer Circuit
Mayfield West, New South Wales 2304
Australia

Marina Pervukhina

CSIRO ( email )

26 Dick Perry Avenue
Kensington, WA Western Australia 6151
Australia

Brett Harris

Curtin University ( email )

Kent Street
Bentley
Perth, WA WA 6102
Australia

Andrew Feitz

Geoscience Australia ( email )

Canberra, ACT 2601
Australia

Bobby Pejcic

CSIRO-Mineral Resources ( email )

26 DICK PERRY AVENUE
KENSINGTON
PERTH, WA WA 6151
Australia

Alf Larcher

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy ( email )

10 Murray Dwyer Circuit
Mayfield West, New South Wales 2304
Australia

Praveen Rachakonda

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy ( email )

10 Murray Dwyer Circuit
Mayfield West, New South Wales 2304
Australia

Barry Freifeld

University of California, Berkeley - Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab)

1 Cyclotron Road
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

Mark Woitt

Class VI Solutions Inc. ( email )

Oakland, CA
United States

Laurent Langhi

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy ( email )

10 Murray Dwyer Circuit
Mayfield West, New South Wales 2304
Australia

Tess Dance

CSIRO ( email )

26 Dick Perry Ave
Kensington, WA 6069
Australia

Jennifer J. Roberts

University of Strathclyde - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering ( email )

Glasgow
United Kingdom

Erdinc Saygin

CSIRO Energy ( email )

26 DICK PERRY AVENUE
KENSINGTON
PERTH, WA WA 6151
Australia

Cameron White

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy ( email )

10 Murray Dwyer Circuit
Mayfield West, New South Wales 2304
Australia

Mojtaba Seyyedi

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO Energy ( email )

10 Murray Dwyer Circuit
Mayfield West, New South Wales 2304
Australia

HOME PAGE: http://https://people.csiro.au/S/M/mojtaba-seyyedi

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