Regional Favoritism and Human Capital Accumulation in Africa

29 Pages Posted: 7 Apr 2021

See all articles by Zareh Asatryan

Zareh Asatryan

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research; University of Freiburg

Thushyanthan Baskaran

University of Siegen - Department of Economics

Patrick Hufschmidt

University of Siegen

Alexander Stoecker

University of Siegen

Date Written: 2021

Abstract

We study the long-run implications of regional and ethnic favoritism in Africa. Combining geocoded individual-level survey data from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) with data on national leaders’ birthplaces across 41 African countries, we explore the educational attainment of adults who were exposed to favoritism at various points during their life. We find that generic male respondents exposed to regional favoritism during their adolescence have higher educational attainment later in life. This higher human capital accumulated by men leads to more stable employment. For generic women, we observe no beneficial effects of regional favoritism. However, those women who belong to the same ethnic group as their national leader witness an increase in their educational attainment. These results indicate that regular inhabitants rather than only a narrow elite benefit from regional favoritism.

Keywords: Favoritism, human capital, gender discrimination, democracy, spatiality, Africa

JEL Classification: D73, J24, R11

Suggested Citation

Asatryan, Zareh and Baskaran, Thushyanthan and Hufschmidt, Patrick and Stoecker, Alexander, Regional Favoritism and Human Capital Accumulation in Africa (2021). ZEW - Centre for European Economic Research Discussion Paper No. 21-030, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3820489 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3820489

Zareh Asatryan (Contact Author)

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research ( email )

L7
1
Mannheim, 68161
Germany

University of Freiburg ( email )

Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Wirtscha.inf.
Kollegiengebäude II, Platz der Alten Synagoge
Freiburg im Breisgau, 79098
Germany

Thushyanthan Baskaran

University of Siegen - Department of Economics ( email )

Department of Economics
Hoelderlinstr. 3
Siegen, 57068
Germany

Patrick Hufschmidt

University of Siegen ( email )

Hoelderlinstrasse 3
57068 Siegen, NRW 57068
Germany

Alexander Stoecker

University of Siegen ( email )

Hoelderlinstrasse 3
57068 Siegen, NRW 57068
Germany

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