Peer-to-Peer Trading and Energy Community in the Electricity Market - Analysing the Literature on Law and Regulation and Looking Ahead to Future Challenges

49 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2021

See all articles by Lucila de Almeida

Lucila de Almeida

Wageningen University and Research; European University Institute - Florence School of Regulation

Nikolas Klausmann

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Henri van Soest

University of Cambridge - Department of Land Economy

Viola Cappelli

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa

Date Written: March 2021

Abstract

The threat of climate change, significant growth in the number of prosumers and local energy generation, and the development of new technologies enabling new business models are all contributing to rapid change in the electricity sector. Within this context, peer-to-peer (P2P) trading and energy community (EC) are new, emerging modes of transacting energy that defy the traditional hierarchies based on vertical agreements between energy providers at the retail level and consumers. This article has two interlinked purposes. Firstly, it surveys existing published research that addresses the descriptive and normative legal aspects regarding the design and implementation of P2P trading and EC in the Europe Union. The second purpose of this article is to look forward. Designing and implementing markets for P2P trading and EC are complex challenges. Therefore, this article’s chief contribution is to provide an overview of the various legal issues that could or will arise in the wake of P2P trading and EC. Based on the literature review findings, the article lays out in clear terms the current gaps in knowledge. Our legal reasoning includes both sector-specific regulation and general fields of law. The remainder of the article is structured as follows. Section 2 clarifies the concepts of P2P trading and EC, as used throughout this article. Section 3 develops the literature review in the context of P2P trading. Session 4 does the same for EC. Section 5 concludes.

Keywords: EU energy law, peer-to-peer trading, energy community, future legal challenges.

Suggested Citation

de Almeida, Lucila and Klausmann, Nikolas and van Soest, Henri and Cappelli, Viola, Peer-to-Peer Trading and Energy Community in the Electricity Market - Analysing the Literature on Law and Regulation and Looking Ahead to Future Challenges (March 2021). Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. RSCAS 2021/35, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3821689 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3821689

Lucila De Almeida (Contact Author)

Wageningen University and Research ( email )

Hollandseweg 1
Wageningen, 6706KN
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.wur.nl/en/Persons/Lucila-dr.-L-Lucila-de-Almeida-LLM.htm

European University Institute - Florence School of Regulation ( email )

Via Boccaccio 121
Firenze, 50133
Italy

Nikolas Klausmann

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Henri Van Soest

University of Cambridge - Department of Land Economy ( email )

19 Silver Street
Cambridge, CB3 9EP
United Kingdom

Viola Cappelli

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa ( email )

Biblioteca Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna
Piazza Martiri della Liberta, n. 33
Pisa, 56127
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.santannapisa.it/it/viola-cappelli

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