The Politics of Differentiated Integration: What do Governments Want? Country Report - Spain

51 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2021

See all articles by Ernesto de Leon

Ernesto de Leon

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: March 2021

Abstract

What has been the Spanish government’s position towards Differentiated Integration (DI) with the European Union? Using a mixed method research design, we analyse official speeches, parliamentary debates, and election platforms to find that Spain has demonstrated a steady and robust support of further integration in the European Union. Analyses reveal that Spain is hesitant of pursuing DI not because of Eurosceptic motives, but rather because it fears to be left in the ‘second tier’ of European integration. When support for DI is voiced, it is because it is seen as way to pursue further integration despite the hesitance of more Eurosceptic states.

Keywords: Spain, Differentiated Integration, European Politics, Policy, Enhanced Cooperation.

Suggested Citation

de Leon, Ernesto, The Politics of Differentiated Integration: What do Governments Want? Country Report - Spain (March 2021). Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. RSCAS 2021/39, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3821725 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3821725

Ernesto De Leon (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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