An Algorithm for the Pricing and Timing of the Option to Make a Two-stage Investment with Credit Guarantees
31 Pages Posted: 12 Apr 2021 Last revised: 8 Nov 2021
Date Written: April 15, 2021
We develop a jump-diffution model for a guarantee-investment combination financing mode (G-I mode) that is recently popular in financial practice. We assume that a borrower has exclusively an option to invest in a project in two stages. The project's cash flow follows a double exponential jump-diffusion process and it is increased by a growth factor once the second-stage investment is exercised. The first-stage investment cost is financed by a bank loan with the guarantee provided by an insurer, who promises to provide the second-stage investment cost as well as take the lender's all default losses. In return for the guarantee and investment, the borrower pays a guarantee fee upon first investment and grants a fraction of equity upon second investment to the insurer. In sharp contrast to prior papers on guarantee, the guarantee costs are contracted prior to investment. We provide closed-form solutions and produce a numerical algorithm for the timing and pricing of the two investment options.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Guarantee-Investment mode; Growth options; Jump-diffusion; Algorithm
JEL Classification: G12; H81; G31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation