The Relationship between Mobility and COVID-19 Pandemic: Daily Evidence from an Emerging Country by Causality Analysis

10 Pages Posted: 16 Apr 2021

See all articles by Mustafa Tevfik Kartal

Mustafa Tevfik Kartal

Borsa Istanbul

Özer Depren

Yapi Kredi Bank A.S.

Serpil Kilic Depren

Yildiz Technical University - Statistics Department

Date Written: April 5, 2021

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between mobility (a proxy for transport) and the COVID-19 pandemic by focusing on Turkey as an example of an emerging country. In this context, eight types of mobility and two indicators of COVID-19 were analyzed using daily data from March 11, 2020 to December 7, 2020 by applying Toda-Yamamoto causality test. The findings revealed that (i) there is cointegration between the variables in the long term; (ii) there is an econometric causality between mobility indicators (mobility of grocery, park, residential, retail, and workplace) and pandemic indicators; (iii) various mobility indicators have an econometric causality with different pandemic indicators; (iv) neither driving mobility nor walking mobility has an econometric causality with the pandemic indicators whereas some of the other types of mobility, such as grocery, park, and retail do. These results generally show the effects of mobility and highlight the importance of appropriate mobility restrictions in terms of the pandemic.

Note: Funding Statement: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not‐for‐profit sectors.

Declaration of Interests: The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.

Keywords: COVID-19 Pandemic; Mobility; Toda-Yamamoto Causality Test; Turkey

JEL Classification: C22; I18; L91; N74; R49

Suggested Citation

Kartal, Mustafa Tevfik and Depren, Özer and Depren, Serpil Kilic, The Relationship between Mobility and COVID-19 Pandemic: Daily Evidence from an Emerging Country by Causality Analysis (April 5, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3823738 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3823738

Mustafa Tevfik Kartal (Contact Author)

Borsa Istanbul ( email )

Reşitpaşa Mah. Borsa İstanbul Cad. No: 4
Borsa İstanbul Cad. No: 4
Istanbul, 34467
Turkey

Özer Depren

Yapi Kredi Bank A.S.

Istanbul
Turkey

Serpil Kilic Depren

Yildiz Technical University - Statistics Department ( email )

Istanbul, 34349
Turkey

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