The Relationship between Mobility and COVID-19 Pandemic: Daily Evidence from an Emerging Country by Causality Analysis
10 Pages Posted: 16 Apr 2021
Date Written: April 5, 2021
This study examines the relationship between mobility (a proxy for transport) and the COVID-19 pandemic by focusing on Turkey as an example of an emerging country. In this context, eight types of mobility and two indicators of COVID-19 were analyzed using daily data from March 11, 2020 to December 7, 2020 by applying Toda-Yamamoto causality test. The findings revealed that (i) there is cointegration between the variables in the long term; (ii) there is an econometric causality between mobility indicators (mobility of grocery, park, residential, retail, and workplace) and pandemic indicators; (iii) various mobility indicators have an econometric causality with different pandemic indicators; (iv) neither driving mobility nor walking mobility has an econometric causality with the pandemic indicators whereas some of the other types of mobility, such as grocery, park, and retail do. These results generally show the effects of mobility and highlight the importance of appropriate mobility restrictions in terms of the pandemic.
Note: Funding Statement: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not‐for‐profit sectors.
Declaration of Interests: The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.
Keywords: COVID-19 Pandemic; Mobility; Toda-Yamamoto Causality Test; Turkey
JEL Classification: C22; I18; L91; N74; R49
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation