Life Expectancy and Economic Development: Evidence from Microdata

44 Pages Posted: 24 Apr 2021 Last revised: 25 Apr 2021

See all articles by Belgi Turan

Belgi Turan

TOBB University of Economics and Technology

Date Written: April 14, 2021

Abstract

This study examines the effect of life expectancy on fertility, education and labor force participation. Using birth and sibling histories from the Demographic Health Surveys conducted in sub-Saharan Africa, I construct time series of age-specific birth rates and mortality rates at the country-region level. I use this data to test the implications of a general equilibrium model linking life expectancy to fertility, human capital, and labor supply. My results suggest that increases in life expectancy reduce fertility, increase education, and increase labor force participation. Overall, my empirical results suggest that in sub-Saharan Africa, increases in life expectancy will have a positive impact on growth through fertility, education, and labor supply, but that the effect will be small. My results also rule out the possibility that recent shocks to adult mortality in high HIV prevalence countries will reduce fertility, increase labor productivity, and lead to faster growth.

Keywords: Economic Development, Life Expectancy, Fertility, Education, Labor Supply, HIV/AIDS

JEL Classification: O12, J13, J22, I25

Suggested Citation

Turan, Belgi, Life Expectancy and Economic Development: Evidence from Microdata (April 14, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3826552 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3826552

Belgi Turan (Contact Author)

TOBB University of Economics and Technology ( email )

Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences
Söğütözü Cad. 43,
Ankara, Cankaya
Turkey

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