Achieving Privacy: Costs of Compliance and Enforcement of Data Protection Regulation

Policy Research Working Paper 9594. World Bank’s World Development Report 2021 Team in collaboration with the Macroeconomics, Trade and Investment Global Practice. 2021. Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works. 2374.

46 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2021

See all articles by Anupam Chander

Anupam Chander

Georgetown University Law Center

Meaza Abraham

Georgetown University Law Center

Sandeep Chandy

Georgetown University Law Center

Yuan Fang

Georgetown University Law Center

Dayoung Park

Georgetown University Law Center

Isabel Yu

Georgetown University Law Center

Date Written: April 15, 2021

Abstract

Is privacy a luxury for the rich world? Remarkably, there is a dearth of literature evaluating whether data privacy is too costly for companies to implement, or too expensive for governments to enforce. This paper is the first to offer a review of surveys of costs of compliance, and to summarize national budgets for enforcement. The study shows that while privacy may indeed prove costly for companies to implement, it is not too costly for governments to enforce. This study will help inform governments as they fashion and implement privacy laws to address the “privacy enforcement gap”—the disparity between the privacy on the books, and the privacy on the ground.

Keywords: data protection, privacy, globalization, trade, WTO

JEL Classification: F13, F15, K20, K24, L86

Suggested Citation

Chander, Anupam and Abraham, Meaza and Chandy, Sandeep and Fang, Yuan and Park, Dayoung and Yu, Isabel, Achieving Privacy: Costs of Compliance and Enforcement of Data Protection Regulation (April 15, 2021). Policy Research Working Paper 9594. World Bank’s World Development Report 2021 Team in collaboration with the Macroeconomics, Trade and Investment Global Practice. 2021. Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works. 2374., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3827228 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3827228

Anupam Chander (Contact Author)

Georgetown University Law Center ( email )

Washington, DC

HOME PAGE: http://Chander.org

Meaza Abraham

Georgetown University Law Center ( email )

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States

Sandeep Chandy

Georgetown University Law Center ( email )

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States

Yuan Fang

Georgetown University Law Center ( email )

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States

Dayoung Park

Georgetown University Law Center ( email )

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States

Isabel Yu

Georgetown University Law Center ( email )

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States

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