Implementing the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals in International Business
Montiel. I., Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Park, J., Antolin-Lopez, R., Husted, B.W. 2021. Implementing the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals in International Business. Journal of International Business Studies 52(5): 999-1030
57 Pages Posted: 19 Apr 2021 Last revised: 16 Jun 2021
Date Written: April 16, 2021
Building on the concept of externalities, we propose an explanation of how multinationals can contribute to the enactment of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals as part of their ordinary investments. First, we suggest grouping the 17 Sustainable Development Goals into six categories based on whether they increase positive externalities—knowledge, wealth, or health—or reduce negative externalities—the overuse of natural resources, harm to social cohesion, or overconsumption. Second, we propose placing these categories within an extended value chain to facilitate their implementation. Third, we argue that multinationals’ internal investments in host country subsidiaries to improve their competitiveness contribute to addressing externalities in host country communities, while external investments in host communities to solve underdevelopment generate competitiveness externalities on host country subsidiaries.
Keywords: externalities, international business, multinationals, grand challenges, sustainable development goals, sustainability
JEL Classification: M14, M16
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation