Elderly Coresidence and Son Preference: Can Pension Reforms Solve the ‘Missing Women’ Problem?
64 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2021
Date Written: April 19, 2021
In this paper, I examine the relationship between patrilocal norms that dictate elderly coresidence between parents and sons, and the sex ratio at birth. I argue that concerns over old age support are critical in explaining excess mortality among daughters. First, I demonstrate that sex ratios and coresidence rates are positively correlated when looking across countries, within countries across districts, and within districts across ethnic groups. Second, in a series of case studies where I exploit natural experiments, I find that sex ratios decline in response to expansions in the availability of pensions but increase when pensions become less reliable.
Keywords: sex ratios, son preference, pensions, coresidence
JEL Classification: J13, J16, H55
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation