Artificial Intelligence in Self-Driving Cars Research and Innovation: A Scientometric and Bibliometric Analysis

28 Pages Posted: 22 Apr 2021

See all articles by Gianluca Biggi

Gianluca Biggi

Department of Economics & Management, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; University of Pisa - Responsible Management Research Center (REMARC)

Jack Stilgoe

University College London

Date Written: April 19, 2021

Abstract

This paper presents a scientometric and bibliometric analysis of research and innovation on self-driving cars. Through an examination of quantitative empirical evidence, we explore the importance of Artificial Intelligence (AI) as machine learning, deep learning and data mining on self-driving car research and development as measured by patents and papers. Alongside the exponential growth in the rate of inventive activities and scholarly efforts, we find evidence for a rapid and meaningful shift in the application of the technologies related to data gathering and processing for the purpose of self-driving cars after 2009. We show that this shift mirrors major changes in the landscape of innovators as well as increasing scholarly attention to the ethical, legal and social aspects of self-driving cars. Research and innovation relating to self-driving seem to be increasingly defined in terms of artificial intelligence, which neglects some aspects of future socio-technical systems that may be required to realise the potential of the technology.

Keywords: self-driving cars; research; innovation; artificial intelligence; bibliometric; scientometric.

JEL Classification: O30; O33

Suggested Citation

Biggi, Gianluca and Stilgoe, Jack, Artificial Intelligence in Self-Driving Cars Research and Innovation: A Scientometric and Bibliometric Analysis (April 19, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3829897 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3829897

Gianluca Biggi (Contact Author)

Department of Economics & Management, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy ( email )

Italy

University of Pisa - Responsible Management Research Center (REMARC) ( email )

Jack Stilgoe

University College London ( email )

Gower Street
London, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom

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