A Cross-Country Analysis of the Determinants of COVID-19 Fatalities

14 Pages Posted: 23 Apr 2021

See all articles by Hideki Toya

Hideki Toya

Nagoya City University - Department of Economics

Mark Skidmore

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics

Date Written: 2021

Abstract

Over the last year the world experienced the COVID-19 pandemic coupled with unprecedented policy responses. In this paper we examine the determinants of COVID-19 infections and fatalities in a cross-country analysis. We find that countries with greater income, less dense and greater elderly populations, fewer hospital beds, and more freedom experienced greater fatalities, and that travel restrictions and use of hydroxychloroquine reduced deaths. However, we find little evidence that lockdowns reduced fatalities, and though use of PCR testing resulted in more recorded infections, it was unassociated with fatalities.

JEL Classification: O100, O200, Q540

Suggested Citation

Toya, Hideki and Skidmore, Mark L., A Cross-Country Analysis of the Determinants of COVID-19 Fatalities (2021). CESifo Working Paper No. 9028, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3832483 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3832483

Hideki Toya (Contact Author)

Nagoya City University - Department of Economics ( email )

Yamanohata 1, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku
Nagoya, 467-8501
Japan

Mark L. Skidmore

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

East Lansing, MI 48824
United States

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