Do Hybrid Firms Out-Provide Traditional Business Structures? An Examination of Prosocial Behavior in North Carolina Firms
Graddy-Reed, A. (2018). “Do hybrid firms out-provide traditional business structures? An examination of prosocial behavior in North Carolina firms” Nonprofit & Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 47(6), 1223-1248.
39 Pages Posted: 26 Apr 2021
Date Written: April 24, 2021
With the rise of social enterprises has come a push for formal hybrid legal forms. Hybrid structures formalize a for-profit model with a social mission but carry no tax benefits. Using the case of North Carolina, this paper examines a sample of formal hybrid firms and variation in their prosocial practices compared to informal social enterprises and traditional for-profit and nonprofit entities. Using firm-level survey data, Poisson estimations reveal that formal hybrid firms are associated with additional production-related prosocial practices as compared to traditional for-profits, informal social enterprises with both for-profit and nonprofit structures, and traditional nonprofits. This study contributes to the literatures on organizational identity and prosocial behavior as well as to the field of social enterprise by offering a comparison of formal and informal hybrid identification with a relatively large sample quantitative analysis.
Keywords: Social Enterprise, Hybrid, Prosocial Behavior, Organizational Identity, Social Responsibility
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