The Persistence of Gender Earnings Inequality in Taiwan, 1978-1992
INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS REVIEW, July 1997
Posted: 26 Mar 1997
During the 1980s, Taiwan's industry and export mixes shifted toward higher-skill, technology-intensive products, and lower-skill, labor-intensive industries began moving abroad. Despite improvements in women's skills and educational attainment relative to men's, the mean gender earnings ratio between 1978 and 1992 remained at 65%. The authors analyze household survey data from Taiwan's Manpower Utilization Survey to examine why rapid structural change was not accompanied by a narrowing of the gender gap. The results strongly suggest that large losses experienced by women in unmeasured gender-specific factors--which could reflect the effects of labor market intermittency, growing gender differences in unobserved skills, or an increase in wage discrimination against women--offset their relative gains in education and experience. Further evidence provides no support for a widening gender gap in labor force commitment or in unobserved skills, suggesting that wage discrimination against female workers increased over time.
JEL Classification: J31, J16
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation