The Persistence of Gender Earnings Inequality in Taiwan, 1978-1992

INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS REVIEW, July 1997

Posted: 26 Mar 1997

See all articles by Joseph E. Zveglich

Joseph E. Zveglich

Asian Development Bank; Harvard University

Yana Rodgers

Rutgers University - Department of Women's and Gender Studies

William M. Rodgers

College of William and Mary

Abstract

During the 1980s, Taiwan's industry and export mixes shifted toward higher-skill, technology-intensive products, and lower-skill, labor-intensive industries began moving abroad. Despite improvements in women's skills and educational attainment relative to men's, the mean gender earnings ratio between 1978 and 1992 remained at 65%. The authors analyze household survey data from Taiwan's Manpower Utilization Survey to examine why rapid structural change was not accompanied by a narrowing of the gender gap. The results strongly suggest that large losses experienced by women in unmeasured gender-specific factors--which could reflect the effects of labor market intermittency, growing gender differences in unobserved skills, or an increase in wage discrimination against women--offset their relative gains in education and experience. Further evidence provides no support for a widening gender gap in labor force commitment or in unobserved skills, suggesting that wage discrimination against female workers increased over time.

JEL Classification: J31, J16

Suggested Citation

Zveglich, Joseph E. and Rodgers, Yana and Rodgers, William M., The Persistence of Gender Earnings Inequality in Taiwan, 1978-1992. INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS REVIEW, July 1997. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3835

Joseph E. Zveglich

Asian Development Bank ( email )

6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550
Metro Manila
Philippines
(632) 632-5507 (Phone)

Harvard University ( email )

Littauer Center
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Yana Rodgers (Contact Author)

Rutgers University - Department of Women's and Gender Studies ( email )

162 Ryders Lane
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
United States
732-932-9331 (Phone)
732-932-1335 (Fax)

William M. Rodgers

College of William and Mary ( email )

Department of Economics P.O. Box 8795
Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795
United States

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