Research, Teaching, Performance: An Analysis Using Frontiers and Meta-frontiers

41 Pages Posted: 29 Apr 2021 Last revised: 11 May 2021

Date Written: January 2, 2021


The paper aims to: a) estimate the research efficiency scores of Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs) in India, b) compare efficiencies in research and teaching according to characteristics like ownership, specialisation of courses and age and c) estimate the group efficiencies of HEIs categorized according to their characteristics. We estimate efficiency scores using Data Envelopment Analysis and, for the first time, find out the Meta-technology ratio for each group to identify the group which represents the operations and processes of entire higher education. Research efficiencies are higher than teaching efficiencies. In terms of research efficiency, old HEIs perform better than young HEIs, Public HEIs perform better than Private HEIs and HEIs specialising in Non-professional courses perform better than HEIs specialising in Professional courses. The teaching-learning and research processes followed by public HEIs are closer to those followed by the entire higher education system. The association between teaching and research is low.

Keywords: Efficiency, Higher Education, Data Envelopment Analysis, Metafrontier Analysis

JEL Classification: I21, I23, I28, C14, C61

Suggested Citation

Bandyopadhyay, Simanti and Sharma, Aishna, Research, Teaching, Performance: An Analysis Using Frontiers and Meta-frontiers (January 2, 2021). Available at SSRN: or

Simanti Bandyopadhyay

Shiv Nadar University ( email )


Aishna Sharma (Contact Author)

Shiv Nadar University ( email )

Gautam Buddha Nagar
Greater NOIDA, IN Uttar Pradesh 201314

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