Current Status of E-waste and Future Perspective in Developing Countries: Benchmark Rwanda
Energy and Environmental Engineering 8(1): 1-12, 2021
12 Pages Posted: 7 May 2021
Date Written: May 4, 2021
Population proliferation, economic escalation, and modernization have led to a tenacious increase in the number of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) in developing countries (DCs) particularly in Rwanda. Also, with the onset of information and communication technology (ICT), people are eager to discover new technologies, leading to robust demand for contemporary electronic devices and the use of these tools. Expired EEE are being discarded expeditiously as E-waste in bulk due to a lack of perspicuous management and treatment approach. This work is intended to describe the development of e-waste and suggests theoretical recommendations. However, it is predicated on open access articles that use e-waste as a keyword, field survey, and some of the most widely studied topics namely waste management, environmental and human health effects, and the current situation of waste management in a particular region. This work reveals that the National E-waste Management Policy will restraint the life end of EEE emanating in human health protection, environment conservation, and business development concomitant to the management of electrical and electronic waste (E-waste) and recycling industries, and job creation for sustainable development.
Keywords: Electrical and Electronic Equipment, Information Communication and Technologies, E-waste
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