Experimental Regulations for AI: Sandboxes for Morals and Mores
31 Pages Posted: 6 May 2021 Last revised: 12 Jul 2021
Date Written: May 4, 2021
Recent EU legislative and policy initiatives aim to offer flexible, innovation-friendly, and future-proof regulatory frameworks. Key examples are the EU Coordinated Plan on AI and the recently published EU AI Regulation Proposal which refer to the importance of experimenting with regulatory sandboxes so as to balance innovation in AI against its potential risks. Originally developed in the Fintech sector, regulatory sandboxes create a testbed for a selected number of innovative projects, by waiving otherwise applicable rules, guiding compliance, or customizing enforcement. Despite the burgeoning literature on regulatory sandboxes and the regulation of AI, the legal, methodological, and ethical challenges of regulatory sandboxes have remained understudied. This exploratory article delves into the some of the benefits and intricacies of employing experimental legal instruments in the context of the regulation of AI. This article’s contribution is twofold: first, it contextualizes the adoption of regulatory sandboxes in the broader discussion on experimental approaches to regulation; second, it offers a reflection on the steps ahead for the design and implementation of AI regulatory sandboxes.
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, regulatory sandboxes, AI, technology, innovation, law, regulation, experimental regulations, experimental legal regimes, EU AI Regulation
JEL Classification: K20, K1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation