The Impacts of Remote Learning in Secondary Education during the Pandemic in Brazil

41 Pages Posted: 10 May 2021 Last revised: 16 Oct 2021

See all articles by Guilherme Lichand

Guilherme Lichand

University of Zurich - Department of Economics

Carlos Alberto Doria

University of Zurich - Department of Economics

Onicio Leal Neto

University of Zurich - Department of Economics

Joao Cossi

Inter-American Development Bank

Date Written: October 14, 2021

Abstract

The transition to remote learning in the context of COVID-19 might have led to dramatic setbacks in education. Taking advantage of the fact that São Paulo State featured in-person classes for most of the first school quarter of 2020, but not thereafter, we estimate the effects of remote learning in secondary education using a differences-in-differences strategy that contrasts variation in students’ outcomes across different school quarters, before and during the pandemic. We also estimate intention-to-treat (ITT) effects of reopening schools in the pandemic through a tripledifferences strategy, contrasting changes in educational outcomes across municipalities and grades that resumed in-person classes or not over 2020’s last school quarter. We find that, under remote learning, dropout risk increased by 365% and test scores decreased by 0.32 s.d., as if students had only learned 27.5% of the in-person equivalent. Partially resuming in-person classes increased test scores by 20% relative to the control group.

Keywords: Remote learning; Secondary education; School closures; COVID-19

Suggested Citation

Lichand, Guilherme and Alberto Doria, Carlos and Leal Neto, Onicio and Cossi Fernandes, Joao Paulo, The Impacts of Remote Learning in Secondary Education during the Pandemic in Brazil (October 14, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3841775 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3841775

Guilherme Lichand (Contact Author)

University of Zurich - Department of Economics ( email )

Zürich
Switzerland

Carlos Alberto Doria

University of Zurich - Department of Economics ( email )

Zürich
Switzerland

Onicio Leal Neto

University of Zurich - Department of Economics ( email )

Zürich
Switzerland

Joao Paulo Cossi Fernandes

Inter-American Development Bank ( email )

1300 New York Ave NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

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