Assessing the Tourism Sustainability of EU Regions at the Nuts-2 Level with a Composite and Regionalised Indicator

37 Pages Posted: 3 Jun 2021

See all articles by Dario Bertocchi

Dario Bertocchi

Ca Foscari University of Venice, Department of Economics, Students

Nicola Camatti

Ca' Foscari University of Venice - Department of Economics; Ca' Foscari University of Venice - Department of Economics

Luca Salmasi

Catholic University of Rome

Jan van der Borg

Ca Foscari University of Venice

Date Written: May 6, 2021

Abstract

Sustainability in the tourism sector has become a principal goal for destination management and for the strengthening of the competitiveness and attractiveness of destinations (Bell & Morse, 2012). There is, however, no absolute scale of spatial analysis for sustainability. In this paper, we propose regions as a unit of analysis. Our empirical approach aims to assign regional variability to an already existing and commonly used national indicator, making it possible to achieve a good compromise between data availability and the need to have access to universally comparable data while embracing the value of scaling down the monitoring process to consider detail at a more local level. The advantage of such an approach is that it combines the rich set of information from existing indicators with the wide availability of quantitative regional indicators freely obtainable from official statistical sources, such as Eurostat or ESPON (European Spatial Planning European Network). Our paper develops an application using the Tourism & Travel Competitiveness Index framework as a starting point, creating regional sustainability indicators for the 281 NUTS-2 regions (territorial units for statistics) in Europe. The first contribution of this approach is the regionalisation of a national indicator that allows monitoring of not only the individual level of sustainability of a destination, but also its standing among every other European region. The second is the creation of a practical tool that is able to continuously monitor and benchmark the sustainable development of EU regions, thereby supporting stakeholders in their decision-making processes

Keywords: Tourism Sustainability Indicators, Regional Sustainability, Environmental Indicators, Regionalisation, NUTS-2

JEL Classification: L83, Q01, Q56, R11, R58, Z32

Suggested Citation

Bertocchi, Dario and Camatti, Nicola and Camatti, Nicola and Salmasi, Luca and van der Borg, Jan, Assessing the Tourism Sustainability of EU Regions at the Nuts-2 Level with a Composite and Regionalised Indicator (May 6, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3841952 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3841952

Dario Bertocchi

Ca Foscari University of Venice, Department of Economics, Students ( email )

Venice
Italy

Nicola Camatti (Contact Author)

Ca' Foscari University of Venice - Department of Economics ( email )

Dorsoduro 3246
Venice, Veneto 30123
Italy

Ca' Foscari University of Venice - Department of Economics ( email )

Cannaregio 873 CAP 30121 Venezia
Dipartimento di Economia
VENEZIA, 30121
Italy

Luca Salmasi

Catholic University of Rome

Rome
Italy

Jan Van der Borg

Ca Foscari University of Venice ( email )

Dorsoduro 3246
Venice, Veneto 30123
Italy

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