Five Facts About the Distributional Income Effects of Monetary Policy
34 Pages Posted: 11 May 2021
Date Written: 2021
We use Swedish administrative individual-level data to document five facts about the distributional income effects of monetary policy. (i) The effects of monetary policy shocks are Ushaped with respect to the income distribution—i.e., expansionary shocks increase the incomes of high- and low-income individuals relative to middle-income individuals. (ii) The large effects in the bottom are accounted for by the labor-income response and (iii) those in the top by the capital-income response. (iv) The heterogeneity in the labor-income response is due to the earnings heterogeneity channel, whereas (v) that in the capital-income response is due to the income composition channel.
JEL Classification: C550, E320, E520
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