Optimal Monetary and Macroprudential Policies
43 Pages Posted: 13 May 2021
Date Written: May 12, 2021
This paper studies monetary policy in an economy where banks make risky loans to firms and provide liquidity services in the form of deposits to households. For given bank equity, market discipline implies that banks can take more deposits when assets are safer or more profitable. Banks respond to loan losses by making their balance sheets safer\textemdash i.e., they reduce risky lending sharply and accumulate more safe bonds. In contrast, a social planner would respond by making banks temporarily more profitable such that a riskier balance sheet can be maintained. A planner would temporarily reduce the expansiveness of monetary policy to avoid bonds becoming too liquid in support of the liquidity premium banks earn via deposits. Specifically, when bank equity is low, then optimal monetary policy stabilizes output by supporting bank lending rather than employment.
Keywords: Financial frictions, Financial intermediation, Market discipline, Access to funding, Macroprudential capital regulation, Monetary policy
JEL Classification: E44, E60, G21, G28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation