Will the Real Conspiracy Please Stand Up: Sources of Post-communist Democratic Failure

Perspectives on Politics, Forthcoming

33 Pages Posted: 13 May 2021

See all articles by Nikolay Marinov

Nikolay Marinov

University of Houston - Department of Political Science

Maria Popova

McGill University

Date Written: May 13, 2021


At the start of the pandemic, it looked like the biggest COVID-related threat to democracy, in Eastern Europe and elsewhere, was executive aggrandizement. This focus, however, may lead us to overlook a bigger threat to Eastern European democracy. We argue that Eastern European democracies' original sin of state capture has been exacerbated by the rise of conspiracy theories, whose stock has only increased with the addition of COVID misinformation. Eastern European voters struggle to differentiate between the `true' political conspiracy that enables private interests to control the state and conspiracies without empirical basis, such as COVID denialism, world government, or political correctness as a tyrannical plot. As a result, conspiracy theories enable the state capture camp to divide the reformist opposition and maintain their grip, while simultaneously claiming that they are governing competently and in line with European values. We use an original survey from Bulgaria and a GLOBSEC 2020 cross-national survey to explore this hypothesis. Finally, we draw some theoretical implications from the empirical evidence for assessing the nature of democratic backsliding in Eastern Europe. We call for more research on the conspiracy cleavage as a factor in explaining backsliding processes.

Suggested Citation

Marinov, Nikolay and Popova, Maria, Will the Real Conspiracy Please Stand Up: Sources of Post-communist Democratic Failure (May 13, 2021). Perspectives on Politics, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3845517 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3845517

Nikolay Marinov (Contact Author)

University of Houston - Department of Political Science ( email )

TX 77204-3011
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.nikolaymarinov.com

Maria Popova

McGill University ( email )


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