A Viscoelastic Model for Human Myocardium
14 Pages Posted: 13 May 2021 Publication Status: Under Review
Understanding the biomechanics of the heart in health and disease plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of heart failure. The use of computational biomechanical models for therapy assessment is paving the way for personalized treatment, and relies on accurate constitutive equations mapping strain to stress. Current state-of-the art constitutive equations account for the nonlinear anisotropic stress-strain response of cardiac muscle using hyperelasticity theory. While providing a solid foundation for understanding the biomechanics of heart tissue, most current laws neglect viscoelastic phenomena observed experimentally. Utilizing experimental data from human myocardium and knowledge of the hierarchical structure of heart muscle, we present a fractional nonlinear anisotropic viscoelastic constitutive model. The model is shown to replicate biaxial stretch, triaxial cyclic shear and triaxial stress relaxation experiments (mean error ~7.5%), comparing well with its hyperelastic (mean error ~25%) counterparts. Model sensitivity, fidelity and parameter uniqueness are demonstrated. The model is also compared to rate-dependent biaxial stretch as well as different modes of biaxial stretch, illustrating extensibility of the model to a range of loading phenomena.
Keywords: human ventricular myocardium; viscoelasticity; passive mechanical behavior; cardiac mechanics; tissue mechanics; large deformation
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