Zooming to Class?: Experimental Evidence on College Students&Apos; Online Learning During Covid-19

36 Pages Posted: 15 May 2021

See all articles by Michael Kofoed

Michael Kofoed

United States Military Academy; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Lucas Gebhart

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Dallas Gilmore

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ryan Moschitto

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract

COVID-19 shifted schools and colleges to online instruction with little causal evidence of outcomes. In the fall of 2020, we randomized 551 West Point students in a required Introductory Economics course across twelve instructors to either an online or in-person class. Final grades for online students dropped by 0.215 standard deviations; a result apparent in both assignments and exams and largest for academically at-risk students. A post-course survey finds that online students struggled to concentrate in class and felt less connected to their instructors and peers. We find that the shift to online education had negative results for learning.

JEL Classification: I21, I23, H75

Suggested Citation

Kofoed, Michael and Gebhart, Lucas and Gilmore, Dallas and Moschitto, Ryan, Zooming to Class?: Experimental Evidence on College Students&Apos; Online Learning During Covid-19. IZA Discussion Paper No. 14356, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3846700 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3846700

Michael Kofoed (Contact Author)

United States Military Academy ( email )

600 Thayer Rd
West Point, NY 10996
United States
801-540-8789 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/michaelkofoed1

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Lucas Gebhart

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Dallas Gilmore

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Ryan Moschitto

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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