Determinants of the Regional Demand for Higher Education: A Gravity Model Approach

Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper No. 2003-013/3

36 Pages Posted: 4 Jun 2003

See all articles by Carla Sa

Carla Sa

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics; University of Minho

Raymond J.G.M. Florax

Purdue University; VU University Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics; Tinbergen Institute

Piet Rietveld

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics (Deceased)

Date Written: February 2003

Abstract

Studies on the determinants of the demand for higher education typically emphasize the relevance of socio-economic factors, but leave the spatial dimensions of the prospective students' university choices largely explored. In this study, we investigate the determinants of university entrance for Dutch high school graduates in 2000, and pay particular attention to the attractiveness of the university, both in terms of its accessibility and the educational quality of its programme. We combine cross-section data on the region of origin of the high school graduate and the university destination region for first-year students with regional and university characteristics in a production-constrained gravity model. The main finding of the study is that the behaviour of prospective students is governed by a negative distance deterrence effect and a downward rent effect, but a positive impact results from regional/urban amenities rather than from the educational quality of the university programmes.

Keywords: Demand for higher education, gravity model, education quality, agglomeration economies

JEL Classification: I21, J24, O15, R23

Suggested Citation

Sa, Carla and Florax, Raymond J.G.M. and Rietveld, Piet, Determinants of the Regional Demand for Higher Education: A Gravity Model Approach (February 2003). Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper No. 2003-013/3, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=384861 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.384861

Carla Sa (Contact Author)

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, 1081HV
Netherlands
+31(0)20 551 3538 (Phone)
+31(0)20 551 3555 (Fax)

University of Minho

Braga, 4700
Portugal

Raymond J.G.M. Florax

Purdue University ( email )

West Lafayette, IN 47907-1145
United States
(765) 494-4300 (Phone)
(765) 494-9176 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://web.ics.purdue.edu/~rflorax/

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
1081HV Amsterdam
Netherlands
+31 20 444 6092 (Phone)
+31 20 444 6004 (Fax)

Tinbergen Institute

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

Piet Rietveld

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics (Deceased)

De Boelelaan 1105
1081HV Amsterdam
Netherlands
+31 20 4446097 (Phone)
+31 20 4446004 (Fax)

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
441
Abstract Views
2,749
rank
94,490
PlumX Metrics