The Impact of International Scientists, Engineers, and Students on U.S. Research Outputs and Global Competitiveness
MIT Science Policy Review 2, 15-25 (2021).
11 Pages Posted: 25 Jun 2021 Last revised: 3 Sep 2021
Date Written: May 20, 2021
International scientists, engineers, and students have made and continue to make significant contributions to the U.S.’s science and engineering research enterprise. This source of talent is a comparative advantage for the U.S. and is critical for keeping the nation at the leading edge of discovery and knowledge. This paper quantifies and reaffirms the impact of international scientists and scholars, who serve as a vital source of talent fueling American ingenuity, innovation, and leadership. Bolstering measures to attract and retain top students from across the globe and fostering a culture where immigrants are welcome and can thrive is imperative for the continued success of the U.S.’s society and economy.
Keywords: immigration, international scientists, invention, innovation, research and development, H1-B, green card
JEL Classification: F22, I23, J15, J18, J61, J68, K37, O31, O32, O38
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation