Videoconferencing and Legal Doctrine

11 Pages Posted: 26 May 2021 Last revised: 1 Dec 2021

Date Written: May 20, 2021


Enduring post-pandemic reliance on, and normalization of, videoconferencing in federal civil litigation and throughout society and commerce ought to have downstream effects on legal doctrines that depend upon contacts, burdens, and conveniences. Videoconferencing facilitates interstate contacts while mitigating burdens and costs associated with litigation in distant or otherwise geographically inconvenient forums, a fact that should broaden the reach of personal jurisdiction and influence venue transfer. The use of videoconferencing also should make certain discovery, like nonparty depositions, easier, quicker, cheaper, and more convenient—and therefore less objectionable. In this symposium essay, I consider the impact of normalized videoconferencing on these procedural doctrines. I begin by setting out the pandemic lessons for the use of videoconferencing technology in commercial, social, and litigation contexts, and I forecast its persistence post-pandemic. I then turn to various legal doctrines based on burdens and conveniences—including subpoenaed depositions, personal jurisdiction, and venue transfer—and I argue that videoconferencing will change the way these doctrines should be applied to post-pandemic civil litigation.

Keywords: pandemic, COVID, COVID-19, videoconferencing, remote technology, personal jurisdiction, venue, proportionality, discovery, depositions, rule 45

Suggested Citation

Dodson, Scott, Videoconferencing and Legal Doctrine (May 20, 2021). 51 Southwestern Law Review 9 (2021) (symposium), UC Hastings Research Paper Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: or

Scott Dodson (Contact Author)

UC Hastings Law ( email )

200 McAllister Street
San Francisco, CA 94102
United States
415-581-8959 (Phone)


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