The Influence of Entrepreneurs’ Immigrant Status and Time on the Perceived Likelihood of Exporting
International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 17(2): 593–623, 2021
51 Pages Posted: 24 May 2021 Last revised: 28 Dec 2021
Date Written: May 21, 2021
We contribute in this paper to the scant literature on the factors and conditions influencing the development of different perceptions of potential international opportunities for immigrant and native entrepreneurs in the pre-internationalization phase. Specifically, we investigate what factors influence the perceived likelihood entrepreneurs have of exporting. Building on entrepreneurial intentions and opportunity-based entrepreneurial processes, we propose a cognitive account of perceived likelihood of exporting based on entrepreneurs’ perceptions of the desirability and feasibility of export opportunities. We investigate how the immigrant status (i.e., individual characteristics) and time (i.e., contextual factors) influence the relationship between the desirability and feasibility of exporting, and entrepreneurs’ perceived likelihood of exporting. We employ an experimental design on a matched-pair sample of 108 native and immigrant entrepreneurs in domestic technology-based firms. The results are a unique account of the cognitive antecedents of the perceived likelihood of exporting under different temporal conditions, comparing immigrant and native entrepreneurs. We discuss theoretical and practical implications.
Keywords: immigrants, immigrant entrepreneurs, international entrepreneurship, cognition, opportunity evaluation, export, time
JEL Classification: O
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation