Estimation of Economic Losses Due to Milk Fever and Efficiency Gains if Prevented: Evidence From Haryana, India

13 Pages Posted: 28 May 2021

See all articles by A G Adeeth Cariappa

A G Adeeth Cariappa

ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute

B S Chandel

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute

Gopal Sankhala

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute

Veena Mani

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute

Sendhil R

Pondicherry University (A Central University)

Anil Kumar Dixit

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute

B S Meena

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute

Date Written: January 5, 2021

Abstract

Calcium (Ca) requirement increases tenfold upon parturition in dairy cows & buffaloes and its deficiency leads to a condition called milk fever (MF). Estimation of losses is necessary to understand the depth of the problem and design preventive measures. How much is the economic loss due to MF? What will be the efficiency gain if MF is prevented at the advent of a technology? We answer these questions using survey data and official statistics employing economic surplus model. MF incidence in sample buffaloes and cows was 19% and 28%, respectively. Total economic losses were calculated as a sum total of losses from milk production, mortality of animals and treatment costs. Yearly economic loss due to MF was estimated to be ₹ 1000 crores (US$ 137 million) in Haryana. Value of milk lost had the highest share in total economic losses (58%), followed by losses due to mortality (29%) and treatment costs (13%). Despite lower MF incidence, losses were higher in buffaloes due to higher milk prices and market value of animals. The efficiency gain accruing to producers if MF is prevented, resulting from increased milk production at decreased costs was estimated at ₹ 10,990 crores (US$ 1.5 billion). As the potential gain if prevented is around 10 times the economic losses, this study calls for the use of preventive technology against MF.

Keywords: Milk Fever, Hypocalcemia, Economic loss, Efficiency gain, Milk production, India

JEL Classification: Q1, Q10

Suggested Citation

Cariappa, A G Adeeth and Chandel, B S and Sankhala, Gopal and Mani, Veena and R, Sendhil and Dixit, Anil Kumar and Meena, B S, Estimation of Economic Losses Due to Milk Fever and Efficiency Gains if Prevented: Evidence From Haryana, India (January 5, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3851567 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3851567

A G Adeeth Cariappa (Contact Author)

ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute ( email )

Karnal, Haryana 132001
India
+919741000909 (Phone)

B S Chandel

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute ( email )

Karnal
India

Gopal Sankhala

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute

Karnal
India

Veena Mani

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute ( email )

Karnal
India

Sendhil R

Pondicherry University (A Central University) ( email )

Anil Kumar Dixit

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute ( email )

Karnal
India

B S Meena

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute ( email )

Karnal
India

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