Institutional Constituents of Human Well-being in Papua New Guinea: A Second District-level Analysis
67 Pages Posted: 24 May 2021
Date Written: May 24, 2021
In the first discussion paper in this two paper series, Filer and Wood (2021) derived two measures of human well-being from the 2000 national census and sought to establish the relative strength of their association with 12 geographical variables in a comparative study of the 85 partially rural districts of Papua New Guinea. In this paper, we seek to compare the relative significance of these geographical variables and a smaller range of institutional variables for which we have been able to secure reasonable robust measures at a district level. We find that the degree of linguistic diversity or ‘ethno-linguistic fragmentation’ is quite strongly associated with a high level of child mortality, but is not associated with low levels of school attendance. Other institutional variables are only weakly associated with one or other of these two dependent variables, once the more significant of the geographical variables are taken into account. We conclude with a discussion of several issues that need to be taken into account in an interpretation of these findings.
This is the second discussion paper in a two paper series involving district-level analysis of human well-being in Papua New Guinea. See also: Filer, C & Wood, T (2021). Geographical Constituents of Human Well-being in Papua New Guinea: A District-level Analysis. Development Policy Centre Discussion Paper No. 92, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University, Canberra, available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3791993.
A codebook and spreadsheet containing measures for all the variables assessed in both discussion papers is available at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.14456229.
Keywords: Papua New Guinea, PNG, geography, development, well-being, colonial rule, pre-colonial political centralisation, institutional theories of development, linguistic diversity, ethno-linguistic fragmentation, child mortality, school attendance
JEL Classification: O1, P25, R1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation