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Quantifying COVID-19 Vaccination Hesitancy During Early Vaccination Rollout in Canada

14 Pages Posted: 26 May 2021

See all articles by Xuyang Tang

Xuyang Tang

University of Toronto - Centre for Global Health Research

Hellen Gelband

University of Toronto - Centre for Global Health Research

Nico Nagelkerke

University of Toronto - Centre for Global Health Research

Isaac Bogoch

University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada - Department of Medicine

Patrick Brown

University of Toronto - Centre for Global Health Research

Ed Morawski

Angus Reid Institute

Teresa Tam

University of Toronto - Centre for Global Health Research

Prabhat Jha

University of Toronto - St. Michael's Hospital; University of Toronto - Centre for Global Health Research

More...

Abstract

Background: Understanding vaccination hesitancy during early vaccination rollout in Canada can help the government’s efforts in vaccination education and outreach.

Method: Panel members from the nationally representative Angus Reid Forum were randomly invited to complete an online survey on their experience with COVID-19, including their intention to vaccination against COVID-19. Respondents were asked “when a vaccine against the coronavirus becomes available to you, will you get vaccinated or not?” Vaccination hesitancy was defined as choosing “No – I will not get a coronavirus vaccination” as a response.

Findings: 14,621 panel members (46% male and 53% female) completed the survey. COVID-19 vaccination hesitancy is relatively low overall (9%). Being a resident of Alberta (predicted probability = 15%), aged 40-59 (OR = 0.87, 0.78 – 0.97, predicted probability = 12%), identifying as a visible minority (OR = 0.56, 0.37 – 0.84, predicted probability = 15%), having some college level education or lower (predicted probability = 14%), or living in households of at least 5 are related to greater vaccination hesitancy (OR = 0.82, 0.76 – 0.88, predicted probability = 13%).

Interpretation: Our study enhances the understanding of COVID-19 vaccination hesitancy and identifies key population groups with higher vaccination hesitancy. As the Canadian COVID-19 vaccination effort continues, policymakers may focus outreach, education, and other efforts on these groups, which also represent groups with higher risks for contracting and dying from COVID-19.

Funding Information: Pfizer Global Medical, Unity Health Foundation, Canadian COVID-19 Immunity Task Force.

Declaration of Interests: We declare no competing interests.

Ethics Approval Statement: The Ab-C study was approved by the IRB of St. Michael’s Hospital, Unity Health Toronto.

Suggested Citation

Tang, Xuyang and Gelband, Hellen and Nagelkerke, Nico and Bogoch, Isaac and Brown, Patrick and Morawski, Ed and Tam, Teresa and Jha, Prabhat, Quantifying COVID-19 Vaccination Hesitancy During Early Vaccination Rollout in Canada. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3854029 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3854029

Xuyang Tang

University of Toronto - Centre for Global Health Research

Toronto, M5B 1W8
Canada

Hellen Gelband

University of Toronto - Centre for Global Health Research

Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8
Canada

Nico Nagelkerke

University of Toronto - Centre for Global Health Research

Toronto, M5B 1W8
Canada

Isaac Bogoch

University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada - Department of Medicine ( email )

Toronto
Canada

Patrick Brown

University of Toronto - Centre for Global Health Research

Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8
Canada

Ed Morawski

Angus Reid Institute ( email )

Canada

Teresa Tam

University of Toronto - Centre for Global Health Research ( email )

Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8
Canada

Prabhat Jha (Contact Author)

University of Toronto - St. Michael's Hospital ( email )

Toronto
Canada

University of Toronto - Centre for Global Health Research ( email )

Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8
Canada

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