Did India’s Demonetization Policy Curb Stone-pelting in Indian-Administered Kashmir

Small Wars and Insurgencies

56 Pages Posted: 1 Jun 2021

See all articles by C. Christine Fair

C. Christine Fair

Georgetown University

Digvijay Ghotane

Georgetown University - McCourt School of Public Policy

Parina Patel

Georgetown University - Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service (SFS)

Date Written: May 29, 2021

Abstract

On 9 November 2016, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced his ‘demonetization’ policy which rendered all Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 notes null and void. His government claimed that this policy, among other things, would curb stone-pelting in India’s restive Jammu and Kashmir by rendering valueless the copious illegal currency that, according to India, Pakistan pumped into the state to pay protestors to throw stones. Subsequently, New Delhi claimed success despite countervailing evidence for this claim. Here, we assemble a novel dataset to evaluate these assertions. After controlling for other factors that may explain variation in stone-pelting, we find that demonetization corresponded to increased stone-pelting. This finding is important for at least two reasons. First, Indian efforts to depict all protests in Jammu and Kashmir as the result of Pakistani payments both delegitimize Kashmiris’ grievances by reducing them to anti-state behaviors and diminish public appetite for addressing those grievances. Second, the current populist Indian government, which caters to Hindu nationalists, selectively curates facts to justify its actions, big and small, to the detriment of democratic accountability and governance.

Suggested Citation

Fair, C. Christine and Ghotane, Digvijay and Patel, Parina, Did India’s Demonetization Policy Curb Stone-pelting in Indian-Administered Kashmir (May 29, 2021). Small Wars and Insurgencies, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3856302

C. Christine Fair (Contact Author)

Georgetown University ( email )

Washington, DC 20057
United States

Digvijay Ghotane

Georgetown University - McCourt School of Public Policy ( email )

Old North, Suite 100
37th & O Streets NW
Washington, DC 20057
United States

Parina Patel

Georgetown University - Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service (SFS) ( email )

Washington, DC 20057
United States

Do you have negative results from your research you’d like to share?

Paper statistics

Downloads
53
Abstract Views
347
Rank
686,128
PlumX Metrics