Aggregate and Intergenerational Implications of School Closures: A Quantitative Assessment
65 Pages Posted: 3 Jun 2021 Last revised: 19 Sep 2022
Date Written: September 19, 2022
This paper quantitatively investigates the medium- and long-term macroeconomic and distributional consequences of school closures through intergenerational channels. The model economy is a dynastic overlapping generations general equilibrium model in which schools, in the form of public education investments, complement parental investments in producing children's human capital. We find that unexpected school closure shocks have long-lasting adverse effects on macroeconomic aggregates and reduce intergenerational mobility, especially among older children. Higher substitutability between public and private investments induces smaller damages in the aggregate economy and the affected children's lifetime income, while exacerbating negative impacts on intergenerational mobility and inequality.
Keywords: Intergenerational Mobility, Lifetime Income, Parental Investments, Aggregate Loss, Substitutability, Covid-19
JEL Classification: E24, I24, J22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation