The Real Effects of Shadow Banking: evidence from China
59 Pages Posted: 3 Jun 2021 Last revised: 23 Sep 2023
Date Written: February 1, 2021
We provide firm-level evidence on the real effects of shadow banking in terms of technological innovation. Firm-to-firm entrusted loans, the largest part of the shadow banking sector in China, enhance the borrowers’ innovation output. The effects are more prominent when the borrowers are subject to severer financial constraints, information asymmetry, and takeover exposures. A plausible underlying channel is capital reallocations from less productive but easy-financed lender firms to more innovative but financially less-privileged borrower firms. Our paper suggests that shadow banking helps correct bank credit misallocations and thus serves as a second-best market design in financing the real economy.
Keywords: Shadow banking, Real effect, Capital reallocation, Innovation, China
JEL Classification: G23, G32, O17, O31
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