Optimal ESG Portfolios: Which ESG Ratings to Use?
21 Pages Posted: 9 Jun 2021
Date Written: June 3, 2021
The idea behind the optimal ESG portfolio (OESGP) is to expand the mean variance theory by adding the portfolio ESG value (PESGV) multiplied by the ESG strength parameter γ (which is investor’s choice) to the minimizing objective function (Pederson et al., 2019; Schmidt, 2020). PESGV is assumed to be the sum of portfolio constituents’ weighted ESG ratings that are offered by several providers. In this work we analyze the sensitivity of the OESGP based on the constituents of the Dow Jones Index to the ESG ratings provided by MSCI, S&P Global, and Sustainalytics. We describe discrepancies among various ESG ratings for the same securities and their effects on the OESGP performance. We found that the OESGP diversity decreases with growing γ. The dependence of the ESG tilted Sharpe ratio on γ may have two maximums. The 1st maximum exists at moderate values of γ and yields a moderately diversified OESGP. The 2nd maximum at large γ corresponds to a highly concentrated OESGP. It appears if portfolio has one or two securities with lucky combinations of high returns and high ESG ratings.
Keywords: portfolio choice, mean variance theory, ESG, Dow Jones Index
JEL Classification: G11, G12, G14, G24, G4, M14, Q01, Q5
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