Development-Aid Supply Chains for Economic Development and Post- Disaster Recovery

42 Pages Posted: 9 Jun 2021

See all articles by ManMohan S. Sodhi

ManMohan S. Sodhi

City, University of London - Bayes Business School

James Knuckles

City University London - The Business School

Date Written: June 6, 2021

Abstract

This paper seeks to conceptualize supply chains that use funding from large donors or governments for long-term recovery following a disaster, or more generally, for economic development in a region. We call these development-aid supply chains (DASC) distinct from commercial or humanitarian supply chains. With little available formally on DASCs in the literature, we carried out a field study across five solar-lantern supply chains in Haiti set up for recovery following the massive 2010 earthquake. Stakeholder Resource-Based View allowed us to use stakeholder theory, utility theory, and the resource- based view in analyzing how these supply chains work. We observed how donor cash in these supply chains brings together global original equipment manufacturers; national-level distributors; impact investors; microfinance institutions; retailers; and microentrepreneurs. Many of these entities are social enterprises that bridge development-minded donors with commercially oriented retailers and microentrepreneurs. The result of these bridging efforts is the flow of goods, cash, and social impact data. Our conceptual model flags the problem that donor funding, while crucial for reducing deprivation in the short term, may increase the dependence on aid rather than reduce it.

Keywords: Supply chain; economic development; social enterprise; poverty alleviation; Stakeholder Resource-Based View; humanitarian disaster recovery

Suggested Citation

Sodhi, ManMohan S. and Knuckles, James, Development-Aid Supply Chains for Economic Development and Post- Disaster Recovery (June 6, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3861148 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3861148

ManMohan S. Sodhi (Contact Author)

City, University of London - Bayes Business School ( email )

United Kingdom

James Knuckles

City University London - The Business School ( email )

106 Bunhill Row
London, EC1Y 8TZ
United Kingdom

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