Is Title VII an 'Anti-Discrimination' Law?
93 University of Colorado Law Review Forum (2022)
11 Pages Posted: 8 Jun 2021 Last revised: 22 Feb 2022
Date Written: June 7, 2021
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is commonly referred to as an “anti-discrimination” statute. At its core, we are told, it prohibits something called “discrimination.” But does it? Startlingly, the answer is no—not really. Instead, Title VII prohibits certain acts done for certain reasons. True, the reasons are precisely what everyone has long understood them to be—”because of . . . race, color, religion, sex, or national origin . . . .” But the law’s prohibited acts do not require “discrimination,” and in those cases where the term “discrimination” is relevant, “discrimination” does not connote any wrongfulness on the employer’s part and therefore does not mean what it might colloquially be thought to mean, i.e. the act of making an unjust distinction. In short, Title VII is not an anti-discrimination statute, at least not as we ordinarily conceive of the concept of discrimination.
Keywords: Anti-Discrimination, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII, Statutory Interpretation, Supreme Court, Legal History, Judiciary, Legislation
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