Il-37 Reduces Neuroinflammation and Rescues Cognitive Impairment in an Alzheimer's Disease Model
46 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2021 Publication Status: Review CompleteMore...
The anti-inflammatory cytokine Interleukin-37 (IL-37) is not expressed in the mouse. We used a human IL-37 (hIL-37tg) expressing mouse, which has been subjected to various models of local and systemic inflammation as well immunological challenges. Those studies demonstrate an immune modulatory role of IL-37. We investigated the functions of IL-37 in the CNS and explored the effects of IL-37 on neuronal architecture and function, microglia phenotype, cytokine production and behavior after inflammatory challenge with LPS-injection intraperitoneally. Reduced spine density, activated microglia phenotype and impaired long-term potentiation (LTP) in wild-type mice after LPS challenge was observed, whereas in contrast hIL-37tg mice showed no impairment. Furthermore, we crossed the hIL-37tg mouse into an animal model for Alzheimer’s disease (APP/PS1). We show the ability of IL-37 to limit inflammation in the brain following acute inflammatory events as well as the prevention of cognitive loss in a mouse model of AD.
Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease, Cognitive function, Interleukin-37, Neuroinflammation, Synaptic plasticity
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