The Deployment of Artificial Intelligence Tools in the Health Sector: Privacy Concerns and Regulatory Answers within the GDPR

European Journal of Legal Studies 13 (1), June 2021, 29-44

16 Pages Posted: 23 Jun 2021

Date Written: June 27, 2021

Abstract

This article examines the privacy and data protection implications of the deployment of machine learning algorithms in the medical sector. Researchers and physicians are developing advanced algorithms to forecast possible developments of illnesses or disease statuses, basing their analysis on the processing of a wide range of data sets. Predictive medicine aims to maximize the effectiveness of disease treatment by taking into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle. These kinds of predictions could eventually anticipate a patient's possible health conditions years, and potentially decades, into the future and become a vital instrument in the future development of diagnostic medicine. However, the current European data protection legal framework may be incompatible with inherent features of artificial intelligence algorithms and their constant need for data and information. This article proposes possible new approaches and normative solutions to this dilemma.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, algorithm, medicine, health, privacy, data protection, GDPR

Suggested Citation

Forti, Mirko, The Deployment of Artificial Intelligence Tools in the Health Sector: Privacy Concerns and Regulatory Answers within the GDPR (June 27, 2021). European Journal of Legal Studies 13 (1), June 2021, 29-44, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3866576

Mirko Forti (Contact Author)

Tuscia University ( email )

Viterbo
Italy

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