Audiencia Episcopal (Episcopal Court)

30 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2021

See all articles by Jorge E Traslosheros

Jorge E Traslosheros

Instituto de Investigaciones Históricas, UNAM

Date Written: May 1, 2021

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: El presente artículo estudia la audiencia episcopal a través del derecho canónico, la doctrina jurídica y la práctica del tribunal diocesano en Hispanoamérica y Filipinas. El texto se desarrolla en tres grandes cuerpos temáticos: primero, a partir de la naturaleza del obispo como juez supremo de la diócesis para comprender su necesidad como institución judicial; segundo, se comentan las competencias y organización de la audiencia y; tercero, se estudian los jueces directamente vinculados al tribunal, como eran el vicario general y provisor oficial, los jueces delegados y los subdelegados. Dos ideas cruzan el artículo: la acción judicial estaba estrechamente vinculada a la actividad pastoral y ésta se orientaba por la reforma de las costumbres con miras a la salvación eterna. El artículo ofrece al final un breve comentario historiográfico.

English Abstract: The article studies the episcopal court through the sources of canon law, the legal doctrine and the practice of the diocesan court in Spanish America and the Philippines. It focuses on three main aspects: first, the nature of the bishop as supreme judge of the diocese in order to understand the necessity of this judicial institution; second, its competences and organization; third, the judges directly linked to the court, such as the vicar general and official “provisor”, the delegated judges and the sub-delegates. Two ideas run through the article: the judicial action was closely related to the pastoral activity, while the latter was oriented toward the change of habits in view of the soul’s eternal salvation. The article closes with a brief historiographical commentary.

Keywords: Episcopal justice, judicial action, pastoral action, canon law, legal doctrine, Spanish America and the Philippines

Suggested Citation

Traslosheros, Jorge E, Audiencia Episcopal (Episcopal Court) (May 1, 2021). Max Planck Institute for Legal History and Legal Theory Research Paper Series No. 12, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3869661 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3869661

Jorge E Traslosheros (Contact Author)

Instituto de Investigaciones Históricas, UNAM ( email )

México

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