Social Inequality from the perspective of the Racial Balance Index

25 Pages Posted: 8 Jul 2021

See all articles by Sergio Firpo

Sergio Firpo

Insper

Michael França

Insper

Alysson Portella

Insper Institute of Education and Research

Date Written: June 20, 2021

Abstract

Brazil still has a long way to go in facing its deep social problems. In order to offer a new perspective on Brazilian inequality, this paper proposes to use the Racial Balance Index to reveal where the greatest and worst advances in the direction of racial equity lie. With this index it is possible to identify and monitor racial inequality in socioeconomic variables over time considering the local racial distribution. Thus, this work analyzes racial imbalances, by state and region, present in high schooling, in the elderly population and in groups with higher incomes. As a result, there has been a significant improvement in the educational situation in recent years. The racial imbalance in the population with higher education has decreased considerably. However, this has not yet been reflected in an improvement in racial inequality in earnings and longevity.

Keywords: race, social inequality

JEL Classification: j15, d63

Suggested Citation

Firpo, Sergio and França, Michael and Portella, Alysson, Social Inequality from the perspective of the Racial Balance Index (June 20, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3870828 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3870828

Sergio Firpo

Insper ( email )

R Quata 300
Sao Paulo, 04542-030
Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/sergiopfirpo/

Michael França (Contact Author)

Insper ( email )

R Quata 300
Sao Paulo, 04542-030
Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/alumni.usp.br/michael

Alysson Portella

Insper Institute of Education and Research ( email )

R Quata 300
Sao Paulo, 04542-030
Brazil

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